[SR-Users] Kamailio - Asterisk: Handling loss of SIP BYE and dangling channels
abalashov at evaristesys.com
Fri Jan 8 21:47:58 CET 2016
On 01/08/2016 03:25 PM, Benjamin Fitzgerald wrote:
> 1. Sorry to be unclear, the Asterisk channel does not stay up
> indefinitely. We do have a max timeout but since a large portion of our
> business is based on conference calling, the timeout is rather large. I
> will definitely change the RTP timeout as my first attempt.
Yes, but I was referring specifically to the RTP timeout. If the mobile
endpoint goes away, it will stop sending RTP. If Asterisk detects that
no RTP has been received in x seconds, it should hang up the channel,
after prophylactically sending a BYE for the call in the direction of
Kamailio/the mobile peer.
I had been under the impression that Asterisk has a fairly conservative
default RTP timeout anyway, but it seems I may be mistaken:
(Not sure which SIP channel driver you're using.)
> 3. I'm not sure this will work in my case because the endpoint is
> reachable, but client state is not in sync with the server: i.e.
> Kamailio/Asterisk think it's in a call but the endpoint does not. If
> sending OPTIONS could tell me if the endpoint thinks it's in a call or
> not, then this could potentially work.
Would sending a BYE to both peers not have the effect of synchronising
them forcefully to a state of "the call is hung up"?
If you're concerned about sending a BYE to an endpoint that thinks the
call is already hung up, don't be. In that case, it'll simply be
rejected. You can't negatively affect the state of a dialog that's
Curious, however: when you say "Kamailio/Asterisk think it's in a call",
how does this apply to Kamailio?
Stateful SIP proxies are transaction-stateful, not dialog-stateful.
Thus, by default, Kamailio doesn't know anything about "calls", but only
the SIP transactions of which they are made up, and only for so long as
those transactions are active. The 'dialog' module allows Kamailio to be
call-stateful, at the cost of additional statekeeping complexity, but
you should only use this capability if you need it for something (e.g.
limiting concurrent calls, keepalive/timeout as described previously, etc.)
> On a side note, is there a SIP message that I can send to a client to
> have it report its state? (Registered, Auth Failed, In a call, etc.)
There's no standard query mechanism like this that I am aware of; the
only way of disseminating such state information with which I'm familiar
is presence, which is proactively pushed out by the endpoints and
requires server-side support.
> 4. I do know about SIP Session Timers but chose to not use them during
> the initial deployment (because of Asterisk channel timeout which I know
> realize is too large). Maybe this will help in conjunction with the
> above methods.
SSTs are rather bureaucratic and, in my experience, often incorrectly
implemented or unsupported. In the SST conception of things, the roles
in keepalive ping-pong are negotiated entirely between the UAs, and it
is up to the UAs to maintain those roles. This goes wrong easily enough
that server-side solutions such as periodic reinvites and other "pings"
(like the Kamailio dialog module's OPTIONS pings) are a rather popular
> Would you mind expanding on endpoint defense? Specifically with mobile
> client applications? I agree this would be the ideal solution, I'm just
> not sure where to start here.
By "endpoint defence" I simply meant that detecting dead peers should be
up to the SIP endpoints (mobile SIP client and Asterisk, by the sound of
it) first and foremost, and that any proxy-side measures should be a
Alex Balashov | Principal | Evariste Systems LLC
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